Archive for 'F.A.Q'

What is meningitis definition?

Meningitis is referred to as contagious and infectious disease which is found very rarely. It refers to an inflammation of the meninges, the tissue or the protective membranes that surrounds and connects the brain with the spinal cord. It is generally caused by an infection done by the virus referred to as viral meningitis or […]

How the cerebellum is affected by alcohol?

alcohol and brain

Among many other side effects, the alcohol affects the cerebellum as well. The mechanism behind this phenomenon is the altering of the neurotransmitters, that are chemical transmitters secreted in the synapses between each neuronal cell. They can either be excitatory or inhibitory. In the case of alcohol, it inhibits the glutamate, that is one of […]

Which brain area acts to regulate body temperature?

hypothalamus

The hypothalamus, structure known also the vegetative brain, is the brain area that regulates the body temperature. What is the hypothalamus? Is a small structure that, despite of its small size, links the nervous system to the endocrine system, asides from many other roles that it has. In terms of size, this organ is no […]

Where is the midbrain located?

midbrain location

The midbrain is not just a bridge between the hindbrain and the forebrain, it is plays several important roles in controlling the eye responses to light exposure and hearing. In terms of positioning, the midbrain is a relatively small structure located under the cerebral cortex, in the immediate approach of the brain’s center, right between […]

Where is the cerebellum located?

location of cerebellum

The cerebellum, also known as the small brain, is tucked underneath the cerebral hemispheres. Anatomically speaking, it’s underlying two lobes (the occipital and the temporal) and has about 10% of the brain’s volume. Basically, it’s underneath of the cerebral cortex, just to the right of the pons (section of the brainstem that connects the medulla […]

What is the brainstem?

brainstem

We can perceive at the brainstem as a special type of bridge that links the cerebrum with the spinal cord. It has a crucial role for the human body, implicitly for the central nervous system, as it controls most of the autonomic functions, as well as it supports motor and sensitive innervation to the facial […]