What is meningitis definition?

Meningitis is referred to as contagious and infectious disease which is found very rarely. It refers to an inflammation of the meninges, the tissue or the protective membranes that surrounds and connects the brain with the spinal cord. It is generally caused by an infection done by the virus referred to as viral meningitis or by the bacteria referred as the bacterial meningitis. Only in very rare cases, it is infected or triggered by fungus or a parasite. It mostly occurs to young children and youngsters who falls between the age group of (0-5) and (17- 25).

It can also be caused to people above the age of 55 and especially to those who lives in close quarters like those of barracks and dormitories. People who suffer from allied immune system or suffering from AIDA are also more prone to meningitis. Some of the facts clears that approximately 50% of the cases of meningitis can be seen in first five years of life.

Bacterial meningitis can be seen very rare but it is very serious and requires proper and urgent treatment. It occurs when an infection in the body spreads through the blood and finally enters the cerebrospinal fluid. The infection can also enter the brain tissue and cause brain damage in certain cases. Cryptococcal meningitis is also an infection which is caused in brain and is mostly found in dirt or bird droppings. Often do people ask question regarding What is meningitis?, how it is caused? and what are its symptoms? Here you can get a perfect answer to your questions.

Causes of meningitis

  • Meningitis can be caused by many viruses and bacterial infections.
  • Bacterial meningitis affects less people than the viral form as it is present in the back of nose or threat, can be spread through coughing and sneezing.
  • Virus meningitis is lesser serious than that of bacterial meningitis as it occurs your body as a result of poor hygiene.

Symptoms of meningitis

Symptoms are similar for both bacterial as well as viral infection:
In adults:

  • Vomiting
  • Irritation and drowsiness
  • Coma(rare)
  • Eyes that are sensitive to light.

In children:

  • Vomiting
  • Refusing to eat
  • Difficulty in walking, etc

One Comment to “What is meningitis definition?”

  1. Maria 29 September 2014 at 10:16 pm #

    I was a Fresher at Bristol University I’d only been there for two weeks. I went out for a night on the town throughout the evening I got heavily tired and my shoulders and the backs of my ankles really started to hurt. So I stopped drinking at around 9 o’clock thinking that I really should be sober when I got in so that I could have some paracetamol.
    In the morning I woke up with incredibly painful joints, knees and elbows. I had a rash all over my body, but just a very light pinprick rash and I noticed a septicaemic bruise on my chest. I remembered in Freshers’ week being given, by our doctor from the Health Service, a meningitis symptoms card. I looked at it a realised I had six of the eight symptoms. I was also aware that after having the vaccination for ‘C’ I was still susceptible for getting strain ‘B’. I knew how quickly I had to act so I just took myself down to casualty. I went in and said, “I think I’ve got meningitis, I think I need to be treated”.
    I was not taken seriously for quiet a long time and I started to get a bit frustrated. It once I showed her the card and said about the joint pain and by then I really couldn’t walk very well that she started to a take me seriously.

    I was taken into another cubicle and had three consultants come down from the intensive care unit. I was taken in to resusse, I had a chest x-ray and they inserted a central line from my right shoulder through to my heart. They said to me that the next 12 to 24 hours were crucial to see how I was going to do.

    I came off the following Sunday, I went in a Sunday and came out the following week so altogether it was quite quick. They were pleased with my recovery but it was because they said I caught if fast. By reading the meningitis card I really, really do believe that it actually saved my life.


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