Nootropics Review: Neuro Clarity

Nootropics Review: Neuro Clarity

Are you forgetting simple things?

​Do you forget where you put the car keys?

Do you feel a bit foggy?

If you are getting worried and stressed about ageing and about not being as sharp as you used to be. It may be time to try a brain function booster.

Does you brain work overtime?

My current job is crazy busy! I work in a corporate office and am constantly being challenged by new issues and last minute requests and urgent enquiries.

I knew something had to change, I was so stressed and just wanted to quit my job, run away and hide.

How can I keep up with my life?

I received a recommendation from a young colleague in my office on a way to help me be at the top of my game.

He suggested using Neuro Clarity. I looked in to the product and other Neuro Clarity reviews and I liked what I saw.

I liked that it was a natural supplement that there seemed to be very few people experiencing Neuro Clarity side effects.

Neuro Clarity Ingredients

Neuro Clarity is made from all natural and herbal ingredients that have been proven to provide the benefits similar to synthetic laboratory drugs. But its natural!

There are a number of natural ingredients that can give you excellent results for improved learning, memory and ability to focus.

Neuro Clarity uses pharmaceutical grade ingredients, manufactured in an FDA approved lab to ensure only the most optimum amount and highest quality products are used.

Here is a list of the ingredients per capsule in Neuro Clarity:

  • St. John’s Wort (as 3% Extract): 250mg
  • Glutamine (as L-glutamine Hydrochloride): 150mg
  • Phosphatidylserine Complex: 125mg
  • Bacopa Monnieri (20% bacosides): 20%
  • Acetyl-l Carnitine: 50mg
  • DMAE Bitartrate: 50mg
  • Ginkgo Biloba (as 24% Extract): 50mg
  • vinpocetine: 2mg
  • Other Ingredients: Gelatin, Magnesium Stearate, And Dicalcium Phosphate

For a more in depth look at the ingredient in neuro clarity, click here.

The results

I took 2 capsules per day, in the morning with my breakfast. This seems to be the optimum approach.

I was very intent on looking for a change and I maybe saw some difference in the first week but nothing significant.

I tend to take them during the week while at work but not on the weekend. I am cautious about taking supplements all the time.

The results will vary from person to person as we all have varying metabolism and body chemistry.

When taking Neuro Clarity, i did notice that my stress levels came down.

Now, I’m not saying this product specificially reduced my stress but what I am saying is that it made it easier for me to cope with my daily work load and focus on what I needed to get done during the day.

I actually found that I have more energy and was getting more done with less effort. My mind seemed clearer or perhaps less confused, busy maybe. I really liked that feeling.

Amazon Neuro Clarity Reviews

In order to provide a balanced report, I reviewed many of the Amazon Neuro Clarity reviews on this product.

At the time of researching this product, there were over 5000 reviews on Amazon with an average of 4.3 stars out of 5. Nearly 90% of the reviews were 4 or 5 stars and only 6% had 1 or 2 star reviews.

Only 6% of the reviewers said it didn’t work. As with some medications, supplements may not work for everyone and it really depends on a case-by-case basis.

Why?

We are all very different from each other and have very individual brain and body chemistry. What may work for one person may not work for another.

Perhaps it is the combination of ingredients that is less effective for one person over another.

Verified Reviewers

Most Neuro Clarity reviews were from verified amazon purchasers. This means that the people who wrote the review did actually purchase the product.

Negative Reviews

I noticed was that many of those that provided negative neuro clarity reviews were offered a free bottle of Neuro Clarity.

One reviewer thought this was a bit dodgy.

Really?

My thoughts on this is that if a company offers a product in exchange for public open reviews, they must be pretty damn sure of their product.

Most of the reviews seem to be honest and, as you can see, some of them are negative, about 6%.

I am a believer that not all products will work for everyone, but at nearly 90% 4 or 5 star reviews I was prepared to give this one a try.

Positive Reviews

I have had a positive experience with Neuro Clarity. Here are some other positive Neuro Clarity reviews:

Goodbye Ritalin!

“Great product. I’ve been wanting to get away from prescription meds for years and I feel that after 3 weeks I can not only survive, but thrive using the Neuro Clarity” – Chris

Nice. Very Nice

I first purchased this for my sister because she like myself is a Baby Boomer who was were getting more frustrated each day because she couldn’t get remember even the smallest of things like where she had just placed her keys. I realized I was experiencing the same problem myself in my own job and since retirement just isn’t an option for us just now, I looked into Neuro Clarity and boy was I glad that I did.

We needed something to keep us on track and this did the trick. It certainly cut down on the stress of not having short term memory loss problem anymore, so it’s a big plus. Thank you very much Nutrition Essentials” Mika

Nobody’s gonna beat me

“What a precious thing. Who does not need a sharp memory especially when going over 40. I’m a doctor at mathematical science and even I needed this. All my young brain ideas are back and I’m going back to my usual shape!” Deb

Need a brain function booster to keep up with life?

Need a brain function booster to help you keep up with your fast paced life?

Do you fantasize about taking a pill to get smarter, improve you concentration and learning powers?

Oh, I know I do!

Perhaps you want to ward off the aging process, memory loss and cognitive decline?

Whether you are studying for exams or want to live a long and healthy retirement, there is now a brain function booster to help you get what you need.

Is the memory miracle pill finally here?

Brain supplements, brain food, smart pills, neuro boosters are the hottest new entry onto the health supplement market.

It’s true, a brain function booster can help us improve focus, memory and brain clarity.

Neuroscientisits have now discovered some fairly simply things we can do to boost our brainpower through natural nutritional supplements.

After a LOT of research i have found that the top rated smart drug on the market at the moment is Neuro Clarity by Nutrition Essentials.

Why I bought Neuro Clarity

My current job is crazy busy!

I work in a busy corporate office and am constantly being challenged by new issues and last minute requests and urgent enquiries.

And to be quite honest, I am not as young as I used to be. Not old, but I need to be on the top of my game. I also need to remember an incredible amount of information to respond quickly when issues come up.

I was going from meeting to meeting with printouts and documents so that I could refer to the information I needed. I was stressed and just wanted to quit my job, run away and hide.

​Something had to change!

A young intern in the office recommended a brain function booster or smart pill. He had used them in college to get through long nights of studying for exams.

So I did some research….

I bought Neuro Clarity, mainly because it was natural and that there were many positive Neuro Clarity Reviews.

There were some negatives but overwhelmingly most seemed happy with the results.

I did try a few other products but I found that Neuro Clarity worked for me. There were no side effects and after a couple of days I felt quite calm, or focussed maybe, but it was after about 2 weeks that I could see a noticeable difference in the way I was approaching work.

Mostly my stress levels came down. Now, I’m not saying this product reduced my stress but what I am saying is that it made it easier for me to cope with my daily work load and focus on what I needed to get done during the day.

It also seemed to be helping with my memory as well, perhaps because my brain wasn’t so confused and busy all the time but I seems to be able to think more smoothly, if that makes sense.

So why write this report?

I spent a lot of time researching the ingredients in this product and reading reviews. I decided to write my own review for others who where in a similar situation and wanted to find some information on the product.

How much will Neuro Clarity Cost?

These ALL NATURAL brain enhancement pills usually retail for $49.99 each, however, Nutrition Essentials, the manufacturer of Neuro Clarity offers substantial discounts.

The also offer a 30 day Satisfaction Guarantee which proves that they are confident with their products success.

If you choose to try Neuro Clarity, I really hope that you get back the spark to enjoy work, life or your happy retirement!!

What is a nootropic stack?

You may have heard the term “stack” when nootropics are being referred to. Many nootropics or nootropic ingredients complement each other and work together to build positive effects on the brain.

In line with this, many nootropic supplement manufacturers combine a number of ingredients to develop a broader purpose and higher performing product.

This combination of nootropics is called stack. Stacking different ingredients together to firm one.

Where to get a nootropic stack

Most of the store bought nootropic stacks are scientifically developed by supplement manufacturers. They have laboratories and specialists to develop the product.

An example of a Nootropics stack is the all natural product, Neuro Clarity. This is designed and developed to provide an optimum supplement for mental clarity, focus and memory.

A store bought stack is also designed to suit the masses and cannot be modified to suit you individually.

You can, however, be confident that you are getting the same product every time.

#2 Building your own stack

Building your own nootropic stack takes a little more knowledge, expertise and time. It may also be complicated if you are new to this field.

The benefit of building your own is that it is designed to suit you and it may also be cheaper for you than buying off the shelf.

If you know what you are doing, you can control exactly what is in the stack for own personal benefit and experiment with different products and ingredients and until you get the most effective combination.

It is recommended to start slow and low – get to know the ingredients and use a low dose until you are familiar with the effects.

What ingredients are in a nootropics stack?

A nootropics stack may consist of a combination of two or more ingredients.

A very simple stack would be Caffeine + L-Theanine. We are all familiar with caffeine and this works to boost mental energy.  L-Theanine, an amino acid found in green tea, works to improve focus.

To compare a more complex nootropic stack, we can look at a product called Neuro Clarity. This is an off the shelf product with numerous natural ingredients working together for improved mental clarity.

You can see the list of natural ingredients here:

  • St. John’s Wort (as 3% Extract): 250mg
  • Glutamine (as L-glutamine Hydrochloride): 150mg
  • Phosphatidylserine Complex: 125mg
  • Bacopa Monnieri (20% bacosides): 20%
  • Acetyl-l Carnitine: 50mg
  • DMAE Bitartrate: 50mg
  • Ginkgo Biloba (as 24% Extract): 50mg
  • vinpocetine: 2mg
  • Other Ingredients: Gelatin, Magnesium Stearate, And Dicalcium Phosphate

Lets break down a couple of these ingredients.

St Johns Wort

A herb with notable anti-depressant and mood lifting properties. It is known to penetrate the blood-brain barrier and increasing Serotonin activity in the brain.

  • Effective against depression and dementia
  • Mood boosting

Glutamine (as L-glutamine Hydrochloride)

This supplement comes from the flowers of a plant named Galanthus Causasius. Sometimes called brain fuel because it is used to make two of the most key principle neurotransmitters, glutamic acid and GABA. Both of these neurochemicals are involved in neuronal communication related to thinking, memory, and mood.

  • Improves thinking, memory, and mood
  • Enhaced memory formation
  • Improved reasoning
  • Faster recall
  • Slows cognitive decline

Bacopa Monnieri

This has the abilities to support memory and cognitive functions and used to treat Alzheimer’s disease and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

  • Improves Memory with Long-Term Use
  • Shown to Improve Anxiety and Mild Depression
  • May Support Focus and Attention
  • May Enhance Brain Communication
  • Increases Serotonin and May Regulate Dopamine

Acetyl-l Carnitine (ALCAR)

ALCAR is important for our body, particularly our metabolism and memory and is naturally produced in our liver and kidneys.

  • Shown to Improve Fatigue and Alertness
  • Increases Mitochondrial Energy Production
  • May Boost Focus and Reduce ADHD Symptoms
  • Improves Circulation and Anti-Oxidant Protection
  • Anti-Aging and Neuroprotective Benefits

Ginkgo Biloba

The Ginkgo Biloba tree only grows in two provinces in China. It supports cerebral health, mental functions and improve energy levels. It’s believed that it works by improving oxygen flow to the brain and may prevent cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s symptoms

  • Shown to Increase Short Term Memory Recall
  • Reported to Enhance Subjective Well-Being
  • Increases Blood Flow to the Brain
  • May Improve Sleep Efficiency

Vinpocetine

Vinpocetine is a supplement derived from the Periwinkle plant. Believed to improve blood flow to the brain to enhance memory and preventing Alzheimer’s disease and other conditions that harm learning, memory, and information processing skills as people age.

  • Promotes Circulation and Increases Mental Alertness
  • Used for the Treatment of Cognitive Decline
  • Reduces Neural Inflammation and May Reduce Headaches
  • Shown to Improve Memory in Some Studies
  • Neuroprotective and Anti-Oxidant Effects

DMAE

DMAE or Dimethylaminoethanol is naturally produced in the human brain but is also found in fish. Studies also indicate that DMAE can support mood and mental clarity, as well as sharpen learning skills, thinking skills and intelligence.

  • Shown to Reduce Beta-Amyloid Build-Up in the Brain
  • May Improve Cognitive Function in Elderly Individuals
  • Shown to Protect Neurons from Oxidation
  • Exhibits Anti-Aging Effects on Skin
  • Slight Stimulatory Effect for Focus & Energy

Phosphatidylserine

Phosphatidylserine is actually found in every cell of the body but the supplement mainly come from soy products.  It is vital for cognitive function and seems to improve memory and cognitive capacity in older people.

  • Improved cognitive abilities and behaviors
  • May treat Alzheimer’s and dementia
  • Used to treat ADHD / ADD
  • Reduces memory loss

There are so many combinations and nootropics available. So, whether you purchase an off the shelf nootropic supplement or you are thinking about making your own. Do the research and take time to learn how each nootropic works.

Top nootropics that busy people use?

Are you looking for a way to make your job stress free. Are you looking for a way to cope with the daily grind? Read this……

How can I keep up with my life?

I received a recommendation from a young colleague in my office on a way to help me be at the top of my game.

He suggested using Neuro Clarity. I looked in to the product and other Neuro Clarity reviews and I liked what I saw.

I liked that it was a natural supplement that there seemed to be very few people experiencing Neuro Clarity side effects.

Top nootropic ingredients

Neuro Clarity is made from all natural and herbal ingredients that have been proven to provide the benefits similar to synthetic laboratory drugs. But its natural!

There are a number of natural ingredients that can give you excellent results for improved learning, memory and ability to focus.

Neuro Clarity uses pharmaceutical grade ingredients, manufactured in an FDA approved lab to ensure only the most optimum amount and highest quality products are used.

Here is a list of the ingredients per capsule in Neuro Clarity:

  • St. John’s Wort (as 3% Extract): 250mg
  • Glutamine (as L-glutamine Hydrochloride): 150mg
  • Phosphatidylserine Complex: 125mg
  • Bacopa Monnieri (20% bacosides): 20%
  • Acetyl-l Carnitine: 50mg
  • DMAE Bitartrate: 50mg
  • Ginkgo Biloba (as 24% Extract): 50mg
  • vinpocetine: 2mg
  • Other Ingredients: Gelatin, Magnesium Stearate, And Dicalcium Phosphate

For a more in depth look at the ingredient in neuro clarity, click here.

The results

I took 2 capsules per day, in the morning with my breakfast. This seems to be the optimum approach.

I was very intent on looking for a change and I maybe saw some difference in the first week but nothing significant.

I took neuro clarity as needed, usually  during the week before work. I found this was enough for mw and I didn’t want to over use the supplement. Neuro supplement use will vary from person to person as we all have varying metabolism and body chemistry.

So after a week or so of using Neuro Clarity, i did notice that my stress levels came down.

Now, I’m not saying this product specificially reduced my stress but what I am saying is that it made it easier for me to cope with my daily work load and focus on what I needed to get done during the day.

I actually found that I have more energy and was getting more done with less effort. My mind seemed clearer or perhaps less confused, busy maybe. I really liked that feeling.

Amazon Neuro Clarity Reviews

In order to provide a balanced report, I reviewed many of the Amazon Neuro Clarity reviews on this product.

At the time of researching this product, there were over 5000 reviews on Amazon with an average of 4.3 stars out of 5. Nearly 90% of the reviews were 4 or 5 stars and only 6% had 1 or 2 star reviews.

Only 6% of the reviewers said it didn’t work. As with some medications, supplements may not work for everyone and it really depends on a case-by-case basis.

Why?

We are all very different from each other and have very individual brain and body chemistry.  What may work for one person may not work for another.

Perhaps it is the combination of ingredients that is less effective for one person over another.

Verified Reviewers

Most Neuro Clarity reviews were from verified amazon purchasers. This means that the people who wrote the review did actually purchase the product.

Negative Reviews

I noticed was that many of the reviewers were offered a free bottle of Neuro Clarity for their reviews.

One reviewer thought this was a bit dodgy.

Really?

My thoughts on this is that if a company offers a product in exchange for public open reviews, they must be pretty damn sure of their product.

Most of the reviews seem to be honest and, as you can see, some of them are negative, about 6%.

I am a believer that not all products will work for everyone, but at nearly 90% 4 or 5 star reviews I was prepared to give this one a try.

Positive Reviews

I have had a positive experience with Neuro Clarity. Here are some other positive reviews:

Goodbye Ritalin!

“Great product. I’ve been wanting to get away from prescription meds for years and I feel that after 3 weeks I can not only survive, but thrive using the Neuro Clarity” – Chris

Nice. Very Nice

I first purchased this for my sister because she like myself is a Baby Boomer who was were getting more frustrated each day because she couldn’t get remember even the smallest of things like where she had just placed her keys. I realized I was experiencing the same problem myself in my own job and since retirement just isn’t an option for us just now, I looked into Neuro Clarity and boy was I glad that I did.

We needed something to keep us on track and this did the trick. It certainly cut down on the stress of not having short term memory loss problem anymore, so it’s a big plus. Thank you very much Nutrition Essentials” Mika

Nobody’s gonna beat me

“What a precious thing. Who does not need a sharp memory especially when going over 40. I’m a doctor at mathematical science and even I needed this. All my young brain ideas are back and I’m going back to my usual shape!” Deb

How much will Neuro Clarity Cost?

These ALL NATURAL brain enhancement pills usually retail for $49.99 each, however Nutrition Essentials, the manufacturers of Neuro Clarity offers substantial discounts.

The also offer a 30 day Satisfaction Guarantee which proves that they are confident with their products success.

Nootropics 101

So, what does the term NOOTROPIC mean?

Well a nootropic is a mind supplement or brain enhancer.

Sounds kind of interesting doesn’t it?

Nootropic supplements enhance cognitive function and act as a brain function booster so to speak.

Nootropics act to increase focus, memory, concentration, motivation, mood, mental clarity or just about anything that is related to brain function.

You may hear nootropics referred to as smart drugs, brain pills and cognitive supplements.

They work to support or alter the brains neurochemistry. Some nootropics work by altering neurotransmitters, while others stimulate neurogenesis.

So, that may sound a bit technical, but the general concept is that nootropics act to positively support change in the brain.

The history of nootropics?

Brain function boosters and neuro supplements go back hundred of years in Chinese and ayurvedic medicine.

It was termed nootropics in 1972 by a Romanian psychologist and chemist, Dr Corneliu Giurgea.

He was the first person to synthesise piracetam and realized that he had stumbled upon a supplement for mental clarity.

Piracetam has a remarkable ability to stimulate brain function, enhance concentration, mood, focus, and general mental sharpness.

Piracetam is regarded as the king of nootropics, because it is more effective than most of the other nootropic smart drugs that have been developed subsequently.

What does Piracetam do?

Now, to be a little technical again, it is believed that the power of Piracetam lies in its ability to ramp up NDMA and AMPA receptors.

In addition, the drug is also thought to be a vasodilator which widens the blood vessels to increase blood slow and stimulate blood circulation.

All of this means that it has a positive impact on brain function.

Characteristics of nootropics

As part of his research and wanting to details what constitutes a nootropic, Dr Corneliu Giurgea stated that nootropic drugs should have the following characteristics:

  1. They should enhance learning and memory.
  2. They should enhance the resistance of learned behaviors/memories to conditions which tend to disrupt them (e.g.electroconvulsive shock, hypoxia).
  3. They should protect the brain against various physical or chemical injuries (e.g. barbiturates, scopalamine).
  4. They should increase the efficacy of the tonic cortical/subcortical control mechanisms.
  5. They should lack the usual pharmacology of other psychotropic drugs (e.g. sedation, motor stimulation) and possess very few side effects and extremely low toxicity.

Who uses nootropics?

The demographic using brain enhancers tends to be somewhat varied for very specific reasons. Here are three groups of people that are finding brain enhancers extremely beneficial:

#1 The ageing population

Maintaining good mental clarity and health is one of the most important factors to ensure long-term quality of life.

It is important to the older population to prevent cognitive decline and the potential onset of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Ways in which older people are preventing cognitive decline includes herbal remedies, physical activity and mental exercises.

Nootropics however, are now being used in ever increasing numbers to ensure on going mental clarity in old age.

#2 Students

College students have always been looking for ways to help with studying and exam taking.

They can be extremely powerful for long-term growth of brain power, as well as short-term focus and content mastery.

It is for this reason that nootropics are a popular studying aid that is now being widely used.

# High pressure jobs

For those who work in buys or high pressure jobs, it is found that they can optimise their performance by taking these brain function boosters by becoming more motivated, productive and successful in your daily work.

Nootropics is said to give you the edge. It is found to provide better memory, more mental clarity and focus and enhanced problem-solving abilities.

Are nootropics safe to use?

Drug that act to increase brain function are incredibly popular particularly for older generation wanting to guard against cognitive decline.

So, how do we satisfy ourselves that these smart drugs are safe before we start taking them.

Piracetam has been given the thumbs up and claims to be safe from significant side effects.

Natural plants and herbs with brain enhancing properties are very popular for those not wanting to use synthetic properties. These include ingredients like Bacopa Monnieri, Ginkgo Biloba, Vinpocetine and many more.

Brain Tricks

If you often find yourself forgetting where you last placed your keys… If you find yourself wondering what you intended to get from the refrigerator, then listen up. Your brain function is facing decline… but the good news is that it’s reversible.

It has long been thought that the brain could non recover from age-related decline but modern skill has pr oven otherwise. Through a process called “neurogenesis”, your brain is capable to grow new brain cells. Although its capability to grow new cells decline as you age, it is possible to stimulate your brain for maximum growth. This is why you see some older people seem to have a young brain – it’s because they stimulate their brain.

In this article, I will attempt to list 5 tips and tricks that I feel ar the most important in improving brain functions. The account as to why they work is complex and long – and I won’t be going through them here. With that said, let’s begin.

  1. Your brain only goes through neurogenesis when it is challenged – such as when you are learning a new skill.
  2. Your brain requires the materials to grow new brain cells. These materials is, of course, your nutrition. A healthy diet, therefore, makes sure your brain has access to the materials when it needs it.
  3. Manage your stress. Prolonged exposure to stress causes the release of several neurotoxins that destroys brain cells.
  4. Physical exercise causes the release of hormones and neurotransmitters that boost brain functions such as memory and attention. It also causes increased blood flow necessary for the brain to execute astatine its peak.
  5. If you would like specialised help, brain exercises ar the way to go to stimulate your brain. Some brain exercises increase your auditive processing capability thus increasing your hearing and speaking skills. Some others increase your visual processing capability thus boosting your reading and visual skills. They achieve this by stimulant the part of your brain creditworthy for these functions.

Brain System

There is growing evidence that corpulency is non merely an issue of self-control or self-discipline. There are studies going on proving that certain foods are addictive and that these can cause people to overeat and become morbidly obese.

While this is true, this is non the only thing that scientists these days attribute fleshiness to. Of course, genetic sensitivity is given. But a person who is genetically inclined to be overweight or obese is likely to be overweight or obese when he grows up in an environment where he is free to indulge in food and be even addicted to it.

Some researchers now claim the brain’s dopamine system is mainly involved when a person gains excessive weight. They say that certain things in this system could not be working as they should, hence, some people tend to overeat or eat compulsively. Instead of a person being satisfied, helium tends to perennially disgruntled and this leads him to eat more and more food.

This is found to be very similar to a dose addict who just can’t get enough of his substance of choice. The more the addict consumes the drug, the higher his tolerance level increases. The more people eat certain addictive foods, the more it will take for them to be satisfied.

Another issue concerning the brain intropin system messing up is the intensity of an affected person’s compulsion to eat. When this system is non working well, the urge to eat excessively overshadows the urge to practice self-control and to be involved in other worthwhile or productive activities.

The tendency for this person is to stay trapped in his craving for certain foods and to actually eat them. Instead of engaging in other rewarding activities such as taking up a hobby or socializing, the person will tend to just focus on eating and when the food is no yearner there, he will tend to have cravings.

There can be many issues involved in a person’s addiction to food and it is important to stay open to all possibilities. For example, the issue of food addiction was inexistent for a time. And even now, there are still those who believe the concept of food addiction has become a scapegoat for those who ar simply unable to rein in their appetite.

It is important to understand that new findings may be just as significant in weight loss just as old ones are. The only important thing is for us to learn from the information being made available to us.

What is the brainstem?

We can perceive at the brainstem as a special type of bridge that links the cerebrum with the spinal cord. It has a crucial role for the human body, implicitly for the central nervous system, as it controls most of the autonomic functions, as well as it supports motor and sensitive innervation to the facial area and to the neck.

The brainstem has 3 main structures:

  • mid brainThe midbrain. It’s also called the mesencephalon and consists of tectum and the tegmentum. The midbrain controls the eye movement, the pupil dilatation and the moves of the human body, but also the hearing function;
  • The medulla oblongata. Located in the inferior part of the brainstem, it controls the most important autonomic functions, such as breathing, the heart beat and the heart rate, but also the blood pressure. Also, the medulla has within the centers for the cardiac functions, for the respiratory system and for the vasomotor function. As well, in the medulla there can also be found the reflex centers for reflexes and actions like vomiting, sneezing, swallowing and coughing;
  •  Pons. This structure connects the cerebral cortex with the above described structure, the medulla oblongata. Among its numeral roles, in the pons there can be found several cranial nerve nuclei from the trigeminal, the abducens, the facial and the vestibulocochlear nerves. This automatically involves the pons in processes like eye movement, facial mimics, saliva secretion. Besides them, the pons is also implicated in processing the arousal sensation, but also in establishing the sleep patterns (with the hypothalamus, that in turn establishes the circadian rhythm);

brainstem Viewed as a whole system, the brainstem plays an important role in conduction. It can be perceived as a two way bridge in which the information sent by the hemispheres or by the body to the cerebellum (and vice versa) is being transferred through the brainstem. As well, it’s important to note that the 10 out of 12 cranial nerves (actually, they are in pairs, but are commonly referred as being one for simplicity) originate from the brainstem. We can therefore say that it’s responsible for innervating the facial area, the head, but also some of the internal organs (especially the 10th pair of cranial nerves, who travel way down to the thoracic cavity).

Last, but not least, an extremely important role of the brainstem is in the autonomic processes. Since it regulates the control “room” of the circulatory and the respiratory systems, but also regulates awareness and the pain sensitivity, maintaining as healthy as possible is vital for the human body. If any kind of damage occurs (due to head trauma or other neurological disorders) in this area, emergency medical help is required, especially if it’s accompanied by symptoms like hearing problems, co-ordination problems, dysphagia and so on.

Anatomy of The Brain

Our brains contains many structures that have multiple functions. Below is a list of some of the major structures and their functions. The upper part of the central nervous system consists of the brain stem, the cerebellum and the cerebrum, ensuring control of the entire body. Structure – cerebrum occupies the skull and contains three elements: (1) brainstem that prolongs spinal cord, located in the spinal column, comprising, from bottom up, medulla oblongata, cerebral peduncle and annular bulge, (2) cerebellum or hindbrain is a rounded mass located behind the brainstem and (3) cerebral hemispheres .

Brain works, along with the spinal cord, the central nervous system to the body through the peripheral nervous system nerves. White matter connects from one point to another in the forebrain and between forebrain and spinal. Gray matter ensure receipt of information, analytics and development responses (muscle contractions, for example). Each has specific functions of the forebrain, whose complexity increases with the height of its location. The brainstem contains control centers of the heart and respiration, body movements harmonizes hindbrain, diencephalon allows sorting of the information sensory (thalamus) and upper control hormones and viscera (hypothalamus) hemispheres are responsible for conscious sensation of voluntary motility and higher functions (intellectual faculties, emotions, complex behaviors.

Anyway, let’s skip this part ant let’s talk more detailed about anatomy of the brain.

1. Basal ganglia

Basal ganglia are involved in thinking and voluntary movements. Diseases involving damage to these regions are Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s disease

Functions of basal ganglia:
– Thought control
– Coordination of movement
– Voluntary movements

Location – basal ganglia are located deep in the cerebral hemispheres in the brain telencefalica region. Consist of the striatum, subthalamic nuclei and black substance.

2. Brainstem and Broca areabrain-anatomy

Brainstem transmit information from peripheral nerves and spinal cord to the upper parts of the brain. It consists of bridge, medulla oblongata and midbrain.

Functions of Brainstem:
– Alert status
– Awakening
– Breathing
– Blood pressure
– Contains most of the cranial nerves
– Digest
– Heart rate
– Other autonomic functions
– Transmit information received by peripheral nerves and spinal cord to the upper parts of the brain.

Location – brainstem is located at the meeting of the cerebellum and spinal cord. It consists of the midbrain, medulla oblongata and deck.

3. Broca’s area – expressive language and speech reception.

Functions of Broca area:
– Controlling facial neurons
– Controls the production of speech
– Plays a role in language comprehension

Location – Broca’s area is located in the left frontal lobe, around the opercular and triangular regions of the inferior frontal gyrus.

4. Rolando central sulcus and cerebellum

Rolando central sulcus is a deep groove that separates the frontal and parietal lobes.

Functions of Rolando central sulcus

– central sulcus is a region of separation between the frontal and parietal lobes.

Cerebellum – controls coordination of movement and plays a role in maintaining the balance

Functions of cerebellum:
– Controls coordination of fine movements
– Balance
– Muscle tone

Location – cerebellum is located above the brainstem at the base of the skull in the occipital lobes.

5. The cerebral cortex

The cerebral cortex is the outer portion of the brain (thickness of 1.5 to 5 mm), which receives and processes sensory information and is divided into the cerebral lobes

Functions of the cerebral cortex:
– Determine intelligence
– Determine personality
– Role in the interpretation of sensory impulses
– Operation of motor
– Planning and organizing
– Tactile sensations

Location – is the outer layer of the cerebral cortex of the brain. It is divided into several lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital. The island is also found in this region of the brain.

Lobes of the cerebral cortex

  • Frontal lobes – involved in decision making, problem solving and planning
  • Occipital lobe – involved in vision and color recognition
  • Parietal Lobe – receive and process sensory information
  • Temporal lobe – involved in response emorional, memory and speech.

1. The frontal lobes

Functions of the frontal lobes:
– Motor function
– Higher functions
– Planning
– Thinking
– Reason
– Impulse control
– Memory
Location – the frontal lobes of the cerebral cortex is the anterior portion

2. Occipital lobes

Functions of the occipital lobes:
– Control of vision
– Recognition of colors
Location – The portion posterior occipital lobes of the cerebral cortex.

3. Parietal lobes

Functions of parietal lobes:
– Thinking
– Information Processing
– Sensations of pain and tactile
– Spatial orientation
– Speech
– Visual perception
Location – parietal lobes are located superior to the occipital lobes and posterior central sulcus and frontal lobes Rolando.

4. Temporal lobes

Functionsf temporal lobes:
– Emotional response
– Hearing;
– Memory
– Speech
Location – previously found temporal lobes and occipital lobes lateral sulcus Sylvius.

Cranial Nerves

There are 12 pairs of nerves originating from the brain out of the skull and serve the head, neck and trunk.

Cranial nerve function
– Directs sensory impulses from the body
– Chewing
– Balance
– Eye movements, to
– Facial sensations
– Hearing, phonation
– Breathing
– Salivation, swallowing
– Smell
– Taste

Location – cranial nerves optic, oculomotor and trochlear originate in the anterior portion of the brain. Cranial nerves trigeminal, abducens and facial starting at deck level. Vestibulocohlear nerve originates in the ear and go up the bridge. Nerves glossofaringian vaguely affordable and hypoglossal are attached medulla oblongata.

Limbic system structures

  • Amygdala – is involved in emotional response, hormonal secretions and memory
  • Cingulate gyrus – a fold of the brain involved in sensory impulses and regulate emotions related to aggressive behavior.
  • Fornix – is a fibrous band of nerve fibers in an arc that connects the hippocampus and hypothalamus
  • Hippocampus – sends information to the nearest part of the cerebral hemispheres for long-term storage and withdraw them when necessary.
  • Hypothalamus – directs a multitude of important functions such as body temperature, hunger and homeostasis
  • Cortex – receives sensory information from the olfactory bulb and is involved in identifying odors
  • Thalamus – is a mass of gray matter that directs and receives sensory signals to and from the spinal cord and cerebellum.

The limbic system

Function of limbic systems:
– Control of emotions
– Emotional responses
– Hormonal secretions
– Available
– Motivation
– Sensations of pain and pleasure

Amygdala

Function if amygdala:
– Awakening
– Control of autonomous respunsurilor associated with fear
– Emotional responses
– Hormonal secretions
Location – the amygdala is a mass almond shaped nuclei located deep in the temporal lobe, medial hypothalamus and adjacent to the hippocampus.

The cingulate gyrus and Fornix

Cingulate gyrus

Functions of cingulate gyrus:
– Coordination of sensory impulses associated emotions
– Emotional responses to pain
– Regulation of aggressive behavior
Location – gyrus is a “fold” of the brain. Cingulate gyrus is found superior to the corpus callosum, cingulate sulci and sulci between the corpus callosum.

Fornix site

Functions – making the connection between the hippocampus and hypothalamus.
Location – fornix is ​​a band of nerve fibers in an arc that connects the hippocampus and corpus mamilari from the hypothalamus, thalamus, forming an arch over.
Hippocampus and hypothalamus
Up

Hippocampus

Functions of Hippocampus:
– Consolidation of new memories
– Emotions
– Navigation
– Spatial orientation
Location – hippocampus is a band of nerve fibers located between the shape of a horseshoe and temporal lobes near the amygdala.

Hypothalamus

Functions of Hypothalamus:
– Control of autonomic functions
– Control of emotions
– Endocrine functions
– Homeostasis
– Motor function
– Regulates the intake of food and water
– Adjusts the sleep wake cycle
Location – is found in the thalamus and hypothalamus posterior optic chiasm.

Olfactory cortex and thalamus
Olfactory cortex

Functions of Olfactory Cortex:
– Awareness of odors
– Identify odors
– Receives sensory information from the olfactory bulb
Location – olfactory cortex is located in the median region of the temporal lobe

Thalamus

Functions of Thalamus:
– Motor control
– Receives auditory signals, somatosensory and visual
– Transmit sensory signals to the cerebral cortex
Location – thalamus is a large mass of gray matter located inside telencefalului above the hypothalamus.

Medulla oblongata and meninges

Medulla oblongata is the lower portion of the brainstem that helps control autonomic functions.

Functions of Medulla oblongata :
– Controls autonomic functions
– Transmit nerve signals between the brain and spinal cord
Location – medulla oblongata is the lower portion of the brainstem. Bridge is found inferior to the anterior cerebellum.

Meninges are membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord

Functions of Meninges

– protects the brain, cranial nerves and spinal cord

Location – meninges are membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord. Meninges consist of pia mater, dura mater and arachnoid.

Olfactory bulb and pineal gland

Olfactory bulb is the final part of the olfactory lobe and is involved in sense of smell

Functions:
– Transmit sensory signals to the olfactory tract
– Involved in sense of smell
Location – olfactory bulb is located in the limbic region of the brain.
The pineal gland is involved in biological rhythms endocrine gland that secretes the hormone melatonin

Functions:
– Cause sleepiness
– Turn signals in the nervous system endocrine signals
– Regulating endocrine
– Secretes the hormone melatonin
Location – pineal gland is attached to the posterior wall of the third ventricle.

The pituitary gland (pituitary) and Punta

Pituitary endocrine gland is involved in homeostasis that regulates the functioning of other endocrine glands

Functions:
– Produces growth hormone
– Produce hormones which act on other endocrine glands
– Produces hormones that act on the muscles and kidneys
– Regulating endocrine
– Stores hormones produced by the hypothalamus
Location – The pituitary gland is located at the base hipotalamususlui.

Bridge – transmit sensory information between forebrain and cerebellum

Functions:
– Waking state
– Plays a role in controlling autonomic functions
– Transmit sensory information between forebrain and cerebellum.
– Regulates sleep
Location – deck is situated above the brainstem portion of medulla oblongata.

Reticular formation and black substance

Reticular formation is localized in nerve fibers within the brain stem that regulates sleep and waking state

Functions:
– Waking state
– Beware
– Cardiac reflexes
– Motor functions
– Adjusts conscious
– Transmit nerve signals to the cerebral cortex
– Sleep
Location – reticular formation is a group of nerve fibers located within the brain stem.

Black substance helps control voluntary movements and regulate mood

Functions:
– Controls voluntary movements
– Produce the neurotransmitter dopamine
– Regulates mood
Location – black substance is located in the midbrain, being a part of the basal ganglia.

Tectum and tegmental

Tectum is the dorsal region of the midbrain.
Functions – controls auditory and visual responses
Location – ese tectum located in the dorsal portion of the midbrain. Receptor consists of visual and auditory receptors.

Ventral portion of the midbrain tegmentum

Functions:
– Controls motor functions
– Regulates consciousness and attention
– Regulates certain autonomous functions
Location – tegmentum is located in the ventral portion of the midbrain. It consists of several formations of which the most important are the reticular formation, substantia nigra and red nuclei.

The ventricular

The system connects ventricular internal cavities filled with cerebrospinal fluid creirului:
– Aqueduct of Sylvius – channel located between the third ventricle and the fourth ventricle
– Choroid plexus – cerebrospinal fluid production
– Ventricle four – channel located between the bridge, medulla oblongata and cerebellum
– Lateral ventricles – the largest ventricles located in both cerebral hemispheres
– Third ventricle – provides a path for cerebrospinal fluid circulation.

Aqueduct of Sylvius

Functions – connects the third ventricle and fourth ventricle.
Location – aqueduct of Sylvius is a channel located between the third and fourth ventricle. Contains cerebrospinal fluid.

Choroid plexus
Functions – produce a cerebrospinal fluid and will form the barrier between the blood and cerebrospinal fluid
Location – choroid plexus are located behind the bridge and the medulla oblongata.

Fourth ventricle
Functions – forms the central canal of the spinal cord and protects the brain from injury
Location – fourth ventricle is a diamond-shaped cavity located in SPTE deck and medulla oblongata.

Lateral ventricles
Functions – protects the brain from injury and provides a path for cerebrospinal fluid circulation
Location – two lateral ventricles are cavities located in intriorul curve shape encephalitis.

Third ventricle
Functions – protects the brain from injury and provides a path for cerebrospinal fluid circulation
Location – The third ventricle is a narrow cavity located between the two cerebral hemispheres of the diencephalon.

Wernicke area

Wernicke’s area is a region of the brain where the spoken language is understood. Neurologist Carl Wernicke etse considered the discoverer of this portion of the brain functions.

Wernike area functions are:
– Understanding language
– Semantic processing
– Speech Recognition
– Language interpretation
Location – Wernike area is located in the left temporal lobe, posterior to the primary auditory complex.

Anatomy of Your Brains Cerebrum

It is a reality that no one will be able to live without even the smallest part of his body. Our body is composed of different parts and each of the said parts has a specific function to perform. And if you are looking for the most important part in your body, you can find nothing as all of them contribute to our existence. But if you are looking for the most complicated organ that is present in your body, perhaps it should be the brain. This is because the brain has also its subparts that need to function well for us not to have any problem.

The brain is responsible for directing the different organs in our body even how small they are. It is also the one that allows us to have our intelligence. For this, it is very beneficial to know the different parts of the brain particularly the cerebrum because without them or their failure to function well can cause you a lot of problem.

The cerebrum can be considered as the most important part of your brain. And because it is also the largest part of the human brain, the brain cerebrum function cannot be discounted. The cerebrum is composed of two parts, which are called the right and the left hemispheres and are joined by the corpus callosum.

Each hemisphere in the brain cerebrum is then divided into 4 lobes, which are responsible in controlling some of the functions in your body. The anatomy of the cerebrum can be complicated to understand, but such anatomy is needed as the said part of the brain is responsible for a wide array of functions.

Just like the anatomy of the brain cerebrum, understanding the brain cerebrum function can be hard. But the brain cerebrum is doing nine functions at a given time. They include determining intelligence, which is undertaken by the frontal lobe of the cerebrum, and sensation that id done by the parietal lobe.

Another part of the cerebrum is the temporal lobe where the auditory processing and olfaction happen as well as the understanding and learning of some word meaning.

The occipital lobe is also a part of the brain cerebrum and is responsible for maintaining the vision of an individual. Other functions of the cerebrum include controlling one’s motor skills and the maintenance of the sensory functions in the whole body.

For the different brain cerebrum function, it is only important that the brain cerebrum should be protected at all times especially against injuries. It is also important that you should eat foods that are rich in vitamins that are good for the brain.

There are also some exercises that you can do to enhance the capability of your brain. In this way, you can be sure that the said part of your body will function well even in your advance age. It is also recommended that you should see your physician once in a while to check the condition of your brain.