Septicemia is a medical condition that is caused by bacteria that is known as spectcemia or bacteremia. These bacteria affects the bodily functions of the blood as it is responsible for the carrying of oxygen, nutrients to your cells and it also carries waste and carbon dioxide. The human blood is also responsible for carrying important antibodies this makes it vulnerable to bacterial infections (pathogens) which get into the bloodstream and spread the infection rapidly. This infection is usually called Sepsis.
There are different causes that lead to bacterial invasion in the bloodstream resulting the patient’s ailment of septicemia. The bacteria can easily “trickle” into the blood stream through different existing infections like urinary tract infection, lung and abdominal infections. Septicemia symptoms can also be seen in other ailments like meningitis, osteomyelitis and endocarditic. Frequently septicemia occurs in situation where one has undergone surgery or has been exposed to injuries that have left the skin and blood vulnerable to pathogens. Some of the places that this occurs are the surgery room, when you’re burnt, cut with a knife or when you’re shot with a bullet.
The skin has a slightly acidic nature that helps to deter bacteria but when its cut bacteria can easily enter the bloodstream and symptoms of septicemia can be easily seen. Here are some of the septicemia symptoms;
- Fever or abnormal low body temperature.
- Rapid breathing (Tachypenea)
- Rapid heartbeat
- Changes in mental status such as confusion
- Low blood pressure
- Skin discoloration
If you believe you or someone you know is suffering from the above septicemia symptoms. It would be wise to rush to the nearest medical facilities and seek treatment. The treatment will involve receiving antibiotics as well as intravenous fluids to help fight the spread of bacteria pathogens in the body. In other cases you might need plasma or other blood products to help in restoring the body from the destruction caused by the bacteria.
Due to the rapid pace through which the bacteria moves inside the bloodstream the fatal rate at which this disorder takes life is very high. It’s important for the medical staff and the patients to extra vigil to ensure that the environment that they are in is sterilized and to be keen to observe any septicemia symptoms in their patients to avoid the demise of a wounded person.